Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation and application of robots and computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. These technologies deal with automated machines that can take the place of humans, in hazardous or manufacturing processes, or simply just resemble humans. Many of today’s robots are inspired by nature contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.
The concept and creation of machines that could operate autonomously dates back to classical times, but research into the functionality and potential uses of robots did not grow substantially until the 20th century. Throughout history, robotics has been often seen to mimic human behavior, and often manage tasks in a similar fashion. Today, robotics is a rapidly growing field, as we continue to research, design, and build new robots that serve various practical purposes, whether domestically, commercially, or militarily. Many robots do jobs that are hazardous to people such as defusing bombs, exploring shipwrecks, and mines.
Education and training
Robotics engineers design robots, maintain them, develop new applications for them, and conduct research to expand the potential of robotics. Robots have become a popular educational tool in some middle and high schools, as well as in numerous youth summer camps, raising interest in programming, artificial intelligence and robotics among students. First-year computer science courses at several universities now include programming of a robot in addition to traditional software engineering-based coursework.
Universities offer Bachelors, Masters, and Doctoral degrees in the field of robotics. vocational schools offer robotics training aimed at careers in robotics.
The Robotics Certification Standards Alliance (RCSA) is an international robotics certification authority that confers various industry- and educational-related robotics certifications.
Summer robotics camp
Several national summer camp programs include robotics as part of their core curriculum, including Digital Media Academy, RoboTech, and Cybercamps. In addition, youth summer robotics programs are frequently offered by celebrated museums such as the American Museum of Natural History and The Tech Museum of Innovation in Silicon Valley, CA, just to name a few.
A Humanoid may be defined as something that resembles or looks like a human and having characteristics like opposable thumb, ability to walk in upright position, etc. What is Humanoid Robot Nowadays the concept of Humanoids is being widely implemented in Robotics and these robots are called Humanoid Robots or may be simply “Humanoids”.
In general Humanoid robots have a torso with a head, two arms and two legs, although some forms of humanoid robots may model only part of the body, for example, from the waist up. Some humanoid robots may also have a ‘face’, with ‘eyes’ and ‘mouth’. Androids are humanoid robots built to resemble a male human, and Gynoids are humanoid robots built to resemble a human female.
A Humanoid robot is fully automated as it can adapt to its surroundings and continue with its goals..
AI or Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence (A.I.) is the field of computer science focused on ensuring that the dream of these scientists becomes a reality. A.I. systems are currently capable of understanding speech, playing chess and performing household tasks. A.I. is set to play an important role in our lives. Researchers produce new products which duplicate intelligence, understand speech, beat the opponent chess player, and acting in complex conditions. The major problems of Artificial Intelligence include qualities such as knowledge, planning, learning, reasoning, communication, perception and capability to move and control the objects.
The aim of Artificial Intelligence is to develop the machines to perform the tasks in a better way than the humans. Another aim of Artificial Intelligence is to understand the actions whether it occurs in humans, machines or animals. As a result, Artificial Intelligence is gaining Importance in science and engineering fields.
1. Robot Types, Classifications and Specifications.
2. Introduction to Robotics and Aim of Robotics Design.
3. Types of Stepper motor used in Robotics.
4. Working and Designing circuit in Robotics.
5. Introduction to Infrared sensors, Ultrasound Sensors,
Light sensors and their Applications.
6. Selection of Microcontroller as control unit of Robotics.
7. Interfacing of Motors.
8. Design and Development of Line Follower Robot.