The extrude cut remove material from 3D model by using a closed sketch (circle or rectangle) you can do the cut material in one or two direction using this figure below.
Revlove cut you can remove the material by reloving a closed sketch around a centre line axis.as like you can see in figure below.
You can remove the material between two profile. Let we take a front plane from a toolbar go to referance gemotry take a one more plane against a front plane through a distance as per your requirment.
Sweptcut remove material from a solid part by sweeping closed profile through a cruved path.
Boundary cut also cut the material from the solid material between two profile. With the help of referance geometry as show in figure